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Copyright: Copyright

Defines copyright and Fair Use

Disclaimer

LAFS Library provides guidance to LAFS faculty, staff, and students using copyrighted works in their research and educational endeavors. This guide and any linked content is intended to provide general information about copyright ans does not constitute legal advice. 

Creative Commons

The Creative Commons copyright licenses and tools forge a balance inside the traditional “all rights reserved” setting that copyright law creates. These tools give creators a standardized way to grant copyright permissions to their creative work. (creativecommons.org)

Source: http://education-copyright.org/creative-commons/

What is Copyright?

"Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works." United States Copyright Office

Copyright offers exclusive rights to the creators of expressive works. These rights include:

  • Making copies
  • Distributing copies
  • Performing or displaying work
  • Making derivative works

What type of works can be copyrighted?

  • literary works
  • musical works, including any accompanying words
  • dramatic works, including any accompanying music
  • pantomines and choreographic works
  • pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works
  • motion pictures and other audiovisual works
  • sound recordings
  • architectural works

 

What is Fair Use?

Section 107 of U.S. Copyright Law allows for some uses of portions of copyrighted works for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. 

Section 107 identifies four factors by which Fair Use is determined:

  1. Purpose of use
  2. Nature of the original work
  3. Amount or portion used
  4. Effect of the use on potential market/value of the work

Learn more about Fair Use:

Fair Use Evaluators

These are interactive Fair Use evaluators that may help inform your decision to use copyrighted works. 

Remember: 

“The distinction between what is fair use and what is infringement in a particular case will not always be clear or easily defined. There is no specific number of words, lines, or notes that may safely be taken without permission. Acknowledging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission.”   – U.S. Copyright Office

Fair Use Guidelines for student projects

Always give full credit - In your citation you should include the creator, title of the work, date of publication, and URL. (Note: "youtube.com" should never be cited as the creator - it is always the user or company who made the original content)

Only use a small amount (e.g. 5-10 seconds of video or music)

If shared online, make your video private. Do not make your project publicly-available -- for example, there are settings in Youtube.com to make videos "unlisted" so that only people with a link will ever see your video.